Illegal Wood

Galleher has a firm policy of sourcing legal wood in compliance with the US Lacey Act and is an industry leader in managing and mitigating the risk that wood may be illegal. Among many other things, we work with suppliers to substitute FSC®(FSC-C092805)-certified products or components for those that come from countries where illegal logging may be a problem.

What is illegal wood?

Illegal wood is typically linked with illegal logging, but in fact the Lacey Act covers violations of any national or international laws governing timber production and the trade in forest products. Examples include:

  • Timber theft, i.e. logging in forests without the legal right to do so
  • Logging timber in protected areas such as parks or reserves without proper permission
  • Logging protected species
  • Logging in non-compliance with specifications of a concession permit or harvesting license
  • Illegal documentation (including trade documents)
  • Wood transported or processed in defiance of local and national laws
  • Violations of international trade agreements (e.g. CITES)
  • Failure to pay legally prescribed taxes, fees or royalties
  • Violations of labor laws and worker’s rights (e.g. illegal or slave labor, child labor, violation of the legal rights of indigenous peoples)

Sources: Contreras-Hermosilla, 2002; Miller et al., 2006; GFTN, 2005.